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SMALL, James (1730-1793)

Inventor, b. Berwickshire, Scotland. In 1763, using scientific methods, he invented an advanced plough by introducing a series of curves on the mould board. It could efficiently cut into the soil, and simultaneously turn over the turf creating the type of furrow we would recognise today. Small did not patent his design, believing that he should not profit from an invention intended to make life easier for farmers. Others were not so charitable, and patents were eventually filed elsewhere, particularly in North America. It was the true precursor of the modern plough in all its varieties.

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