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HUME, Allan Octavian CB (1829-1912) Founder of Indian National Congress, Father of Indian Ornithology

Born Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, son of the Scottish doctor and radical MP Joseph Hume. Allan entered the Indian civil service in 1849 and held a number of executive positions until his retirement in 1882. During those years his interest in ornithology led him to produce several important works on the birds of India leading to him being called father of Indian ornithology. Following his retirement he put forward proposals giving Indians a more democratic representational government and this eventually led to the foundation of the Indian National Congress, which today remains a potent political force in India. For the first 22 years of its existence he served as General Secretary of the Congress and he has been named as its founding father.

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