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JONES, John Paul (1747-1792) Captain US Continental Navy

Born in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, Scotland, he was a Scottish sailor who settled in the United States and joined the Continental Navy, precursor to the US Navy, as it was being formed circa 1775. In 1776 he had the honour of hoisting the first US ensign over a naval vessel. He was a captain who relished a fight and did much to frustrate the British during the Revolutionary War. When peace ensued he joined the Imperial Russian Navy. He died in Paris in 1792, having been honoured by the French government, and was buried there in a small cemetery which gradually c hanged in use to become a garden, and his grave was lost. In 1905 the US Ambassador to France, found the grave after a five year search, and his coffin returned to America aboard the USS Brooklyn escorted by other USS vessels. His remains are now contained within a magnificent bronze and marble sarcophagus at the Naval Academy Chapel in Annapolis. He has been described as Father of the United States Navy.

LERMONTOV, Mikhail Yuryevich (1814-1841) Russia’s Leading Romantic Poet


Proud of his Scottish ancestry, he was descended from George Learmont, a Scottish mercenary who entered the Russian service with considerable success in the 17th century.

LORIMER, David Lockhart Robertson (1876-1962)

Born Strathmartine by Dundee, Scotland. Contributed much to the study of Persia (Iran). Younger brother of John Gordon Lorimer.


LORIMER, John Gordon (1870-1914)

Born Glasgow, Scotland. Made a massive contribution to knowledge of the Gulf area with his six volume Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman an Central Arabia. Elder brother of David Lockhart Robertson Lorimer.



MACDONALD, Sir John Alexander ( 1815-1891) GCB, KCMG, PC (Can) PC, QC. Canada’s First PM.

Born Glasgow, Scotland. He emigrated with his family to Canada in 1820. He was educated there and became a successful lawyer before entering politics. He was a father of Confederation and the leading figure in negotiations leading up to the British North America Act and the birth of the nation of Canada. In 1867 he became the country’s first Prime Minister.

MACKENZIE, Alexander PC, (1822-1892) Second Prime Minister of Canada)

Born Logierait, Perthshire, Scotland. He trained as a stonemason and eventually emigrated to Canada in 1842 and almost immediately gained a reputation as a skilled, honest and decent man. He had a keen interest in politics and eventually acquired a seat in the legislature and became leader of the Liberal Party. Following the election of 1874 he became Canada’s second Prime Minister.

MACKENZIE, Sir Alexander (1764-1820) Explorer

Born at Luskentyre House, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis. He became the first European (possibly the first human being) to cross the North American continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific in July 1793. On a previous expedition with the same intention of reaching the Pacific his chosen route using rivers found a passage to the Arctic Ocean instead. One of, if not the greatest of all North American explorers.

MACKENZIE, Thomas. (1740-1786) Admiral Imperial Russian Navy

Scottish admiral and founder of the vitally important Russian Black Sea naval base of Sevastapol in Ukraine.

MAKDOUGALL, Brisbane, Sir Thomas (1773 – 1860)

Soldier and Astronomer, born in Largs, Ayrshire. Governor-General of the Australian colony of New South-Wales. Set up an observatory and catalogued more than 7000 stars. The city of Brisbane (Australia) is named after him.

MENELAWS, Adam (c1748-1831) Architect

Born in Scotland between 1748 and 1756, died in 1831 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He was a Scottish architect and landscape designer who between 1784 and 1831 designed Russian Gothic Revival residences and their park-lands for senior members of the Russian establishment. He eventually became the first domestic architect of Nicholas I, in other words, the leading architect of the Russian Empire.

MURRAY, James. Counter (Rear) Admiral Royal Polish Navy

James Murray (Jacob Mora) was a 17th century Scottish shipbuilder and master mariner in Polish service. In 1627 at the battle of Oliwa he commanded the galleon Krol Dawid (King David) when the Poles defeated a fleet of the Swedish Navy.

Website on Brunton’s work in Japan.

RAMSAY, George 9th Earl of Dalhousie (1770-1838)

Born at Dalhousie Castle, Midlothian, Scotland. He served as Governor of Nova Scotia, Governor General of British North America, and Finally as Commander-in-Chief in India. He was the father of James Broun Ramsay Governor-General of India.

ROSS, John (1842-1915) Missionary

Born at Rarichie in Easter Ross, Scotland. While in China acting for the Scottish United Presbyterian Mission he translated the New Testament into Korean. It was completed in 1887.

ROXBURGH, William FRSE, FRCPE (1751-1815) Father of Indian Botany.

Born Craigie, Ayrshire. Botanist, surgeon and meteorologist. In India his vast collection of meteor0logical data, taken over years ,allowed him to form opinions on climate change and widespread famine in the then empire. He is famed for his botanical studies in India and was regarded by his contemporaries as the greatest botanist since Linnaeus. He has been called the father of Indian botany.

SCOT, Robert. (Silversmith and engraver who designed and made the Great Seal of the United States)

When Scotsman Alexander Hamilton founded the American mint he employed Edinburgh born Scot as chief engineer where he designed American coinage, banknotes, medals, other seals and revenue stamps.

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WEDDERBURN, Sir William JP DL (1838-1918) Twice President of the Indian National Congress.

Born and educated at Edinburgh, Scotland. He had a distinguished career in the Indian Civil Service which he joined in 1860. Along with Allan Octavian Hill he was a founder of the Indian National Congress and served as its President in 1889 and again in 1910.

WYLIE, Sir James (1768-1854) Personal Physician to Three Tsars.

In the 18th century it was claimed with some justification that every pharmacy in Russia was run by a Scotsman. The most eminent of them must have been Wylie, born at Tulliallan, by Kincardine-on-Forth, Scotland and educated at Edinburgh and Aberdeen Universities. Apart from his royal duties he took part in over 50 battles and made major advances in Russian military medicine. He was so renowned in Russia that Leo Tolstoy included him in has major work War & Peace giving him the name Villier, the Russian spelling of his name.

YULE, George (1829-1892) Fourth President of the Indian National Congress

Born in Stonehaven, Scotland. In 1888 he became the first non-Indian to hold the post of President of the Congress. He was also Sheriff of Calcutta and President of the Indian Chamber of Commerce.

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress