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Royal Standard of Scotland

Known in Scotland as the Lion Rampant, its earliest recorded use was by Alexander II in 1222.

St Andrew’s Day

30th November, designated by the Scottish Parliament in 2006 as Scotland’s national day. (St Andrew’s Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007.)


Following the battle of Culloden in 1746, ¬†tartan was proscribed, and remained so until repealed by the Hanoverian government in 1782. There has always been a question mark over how long tartan had been in use in Scotland prior to those events, and an interesting pointer has recently emerged. In 2012 a BBC team in Morocco’s archaeological museum in Rabat were looking at a bronze statue of the Roman general Caracalla. It depicts him as a valiant military leader standing over two bound prisoners in an allegorical depiction of Caledonia and Parthia, two theatres of war where he had been involved. The Caledonian (Pictish) prisoner is wearing a form of tartan trews – Caracalla arrived in Caledonia at the beginning ¬†of the third century AD.

The Honours of Scotland

The Scottish Crown Jewels, also known as the Scottish Regalia and The Honours of Scotland, can be viewed in Edinburgh Castle. They are comprised of a crown, sceptre and mace, and date from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. They are the oldest crown jewels in the British Isles.

The Red Ensign (Royal Scots Navy)

The Royal Scots Navy was founded in the 11th century. Its flag was a red ensign with the saltire taking up the first quarter.

The Saltire or St Andrews Cross

Scotland’s national flag is comprised of a diagonal white cross on a blue background. Dating from the 9th century it is the oldest continuously used sovereign flag in the world.

The Scots Pine (Pinus Sylvestrus)

It has been proposed as Scotland’s national tree, and the Scottish Government has announced a consultation commencing September 2013. The Woodland Trust Scotland held a poll on the subject earlier in 2013 and two out of three voters chose the Scots Pine.

The Thistle

Scotland’s national floral symbol.

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress