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Native Domestic Breeds

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Aberdeen Angus

A heritage breed of beef cattle originating from Aberdeenshire, Scotland, and the county of Angus, Scotland.

Ayrshire Breed

A heritage breed of dairy cattle originating from Ayrshire in western Scotland.

Bearded Collie


Beef Shorthorn

Developed in Scotland and England circa 182o.

Belted Galloway

A breed of ¬†beef cattle originating from Galloway in south west Scotland. Often referred to as “Belties”.

Blue Paul Terrier


Border Collie

Border Terrier

Boreray Sheep

Originating from the St Kilda archipelago off the west coast of Scotland, it is also known as the Boreray Blackface or the Hebridean Blackface. It is one of the rarest breeds in the UK and is listed as “Category 1 Critical” by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Fewer than 300 breeding females are known to exist.

Cairn Terrier


Castlemilk Moorit

Also known as Moorit Shetland or Castlemilk Shetland, and originated in Dumfriesshire Scotland. A decorative breed of sheep, listed as “vulnerable” by the British Rare Breeds Survival Trust.

Cheviot Sheep

Taking their name from their breeding grounds in the hills in the Scottish borders and the north of Northumberland. They have also become common in other areas of the British Isles.

Clydesdale Horse

This is Scotland’s draught horse, and is named after the Clydesdale area from which it came.

Dandy Dinmont (Terrier)

A small Scottish terrier, the breed having been defined in the 18th century. Named after a character in Sir Walter Scott’s novel Guy Mannering, with Dandy Dinmont thought to be based on James Davidson who is credited with the foundation of the modern breed.

Eriskay Pony

Of ancient origins, its appearance is very similar to those depicted on early Pictish stone carvings. The breed originated in the Scottish Hebrides.

Galloway Cattle

One of the world’s longest established cattle breeds named after the Galloway region of Scotland.

Galloway Cattle

Originating in the Galloway region of Scotland, it is one of the world’s longest established breeds of beef catle.

Galloway Pony

The now extinct Galloway was native to, and named after that area of Scotland, although its range extended into the north of England. It died out through crossbreeding because its progeny were such useful animals. Its influence may be seen today in the Highland pony, the Newfoundland pony and the English Fell pony.

Golden Retriever

A sole yellow puppy from a litter of black wavy coated retrievers was mated with a Tweed Water-Spaniel from Ladykirk in 1868. This took place on Guisachan Estate at Tomich in Strathglass to the west of Loch Ness, and Lord Tweedmouth is then said to have methodically line-bred down from that mating.

Grice Pigs

The Grice, or Shetland pig, became extinct towards the end of the nineteenth century. It was a primitive species that caused a great deal of trouble by goring other livestock, and as soon as other more docile and plumper breeds became available it was allowed to die out.

Hebridean Sheep

Highland Cattle

A heritage breed of beef cattle originating in the highlands and islands of western Scotland.

Highland Pony

A native breed of the Scottish highlands and islands. It is one of the largest of the moorland and mountain ponies of the British Isles.

Luing Cattle

The breed was developed on the island of Luing in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.

Manx Loaghtan

A breed native to the Isle of Man which has recently been awarded EU recognition and protection under the EU’s Pr0tected Designation of Origin Scheme. It is descended from sheep once found throughout Scotland including the Western Isles.

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress