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Alexander Bain (1811-1877) A Posthumous Emmy for Invention of Scanning for Image Transmission.

A Scottish clock and instrument maker, Born Caithness, Scotland, invented and patented the first electric clock in 1841 and patented his “facsimile” machine in 1843, whereby a message was scanned, sent electronically, and received and printed on chemically sensitive paper. He also invented an earth battery, insulation of electric cables and the electric fire alarm. It is claimed that in 1846 he was using perforated tape to speed up telegraph transmissions, but some proof of that is required. It was however his invention of the fax machine which led to an Emmy award, 139 years after his death, by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences on Friday 8th January 2016. His invention contained the fundamentals that would become television including image scanning, transmission and image reconstruction. It was so advanced that a further 80 years elapsed before television became a reality. It also contained the whole idea of pixels and image manipulation that is in digital photography today.

Alexander Graham Bell (Inventor of the telephone)

Born Edinburgh, Scotland (1847-1922)

BBC Licence Fees

2013. The BBC in London took £320m in licence fees from Scotland, and returned £175m to BBC Scotland. BBC Alba, the very successful BBC Scotland Gaelic Language programme gets £8m and only survives with additional support of £12m from the Scottish Government. BBC Scotland is now under orders to cut staff numbers by 120 by 2017. At the same time there is growing evidence of a break with the past following the introduction of more non-Scots presenters.

Bill Hill (father of e-reading)

He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, (1949-2012), and attended Allan Glen’s school and Herriot-Watt university. He then spent 15 years in the Scottish press before joining  Aldus, where he co-invented the breakthrough ClearType font display. He was head-hunted by Microsoft in 1994 to lead their typography group. There he became a close associate of Bill Gates and they often made public presentations together. He lived for the rest of his life at Redmond, just outside of Seattle. His colleagues say that his work was a major factor in the creation of e-books including Amazon’s Kindle and Apple’s ipad. They called him the “father of e-reading”.

KELVIN, Lord William Thomson (1824-1907) Mathematician and Physicist

In 1846 he became professor of natural philosophy at Glasgow University, a post he would hold for more than fifty years. In Glasgow he created the first physics laboratory in Britain. He formulated the two great laws of thermodynamics. Evolved theory of electrical oscillations. Propounded the “law of squares”. The important notion of absolute zero. Invented improvements in cables and galvanometers which were vital to the success of the Atlantic telegraph cables. Improvements to the mariner’s compass. Invented sounding gauges, tide predictors, etc, etc.

Lord Reith, KT, GCVO, GBE, CB, TD, PC.

First Director General of the BBC. Born, Stonehaven, Scotland, (1889-1971)

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress