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Airdrie Public Observatory

It is housed in Airdrie Public Library, having been installed there in 1896.

BRUCE, Jacob Daniel (1669-1735)

Born in Moscow but claiming Scottish descent, his Scottish family having lived in Russia since 1649. his brother was Robert Bruce. He was a statesman, military leader, scientist and close associate of  Peter the Great. He was considered to be one of the most learned people in Russia, being also a naturalist and astronomer. He founded Russia’s first observatory in Moscow in 1702.

City Observatory

Situated on Edinburgh’s Calton Hill, it is also known as the Calton Hill Observatory.

Coats Observatory, Paisley

Funded by Thomas Coats of the thread manufacturing dynasty, it opened in 1883 and was initially operated by the Paisley Philosophical Institution which was founded in 1808.

FARKHVARSON (FARQUHARSON), Andrei Danilovich (1675-1739)

Henry (Harry) Farquharson was a Scottish mathematician and astronomer at the University of Aberdeen. At the start of the 18th century, he was employed by Peter the Great to establish and administer a mathematics and navigation school, principally for the Russian Navy. Under his guidance, and with his assistance, Tsar Peter wrote the curriculum for the school.

GREGORY, James FRS (1638-1675) The Reflecting Telescope

Born Drumoak, Aberdeenshire. A mathematician and astronomer. He made advances in trigonometry and invented the reflecting or Gregorian telescope.

GREIG, Aleksy Samuilovich (1775-1845) Admiral Imperial Russian Navy

He was the son of Admiral Samuel Greig and part of his education took place at the High School of Edinburgh. His naval career commenced with the Royal Navy 1785 to 1796. He then returned to Russia and joined the Imperial Russian Navy. In 1816 he was appointed Commander of the Black Sea Fleet, and by 1828 was in full command of the Russian Navy. In 1833 the Tsar asked him to superintend construction of the Pulkovo Observatory.

io9.com/archaeologists-have-discovered-the-world-s-oldest-calen-789701592

In June 2013, it was announced by archeologists that a lunar calendar found near Crathes Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, was constructed some 10,000 years ago, and was by far the oldest in the world. The oldest known prior to this discovery was at a site in Mesopotamia estimated to be 5,000 years old.

Jacob Daniel Bruce (1669-1735) Imperial Russian Navy

Born in Moscow but claiming Scottish descent, his Scottish family having lived in Russia since 1649. his brother was Robert Bruce. He was a statesman, military leader, scientist and close associate of  Peter the Great. He was considered to be one of the most learned people in Russia, being also a naturalist and astronomer. He founded Russia’s first observatory in Moscow in 1702.

MAKDOUGALL, Brisbane, Sir Thomas (1773 – 1860)

Soldier and Astronomer, born in Largs, Ayrshire. Governor-General of the Australian colony of New South-Wales. Set up an observatory and catalogued more than 7000 stars. The city of Brisbane (Australia) is named after him.

Mills Observatory, Dundee

Built in 1935, it is the only full-time public astronomical observatory in the UK.

Professor (Archie) Roy, Professor of Astronomy.

Born Yoker, Glasgow, (1924-2012). Emeritus Professor of astronomy at Glasgow University, and paranormal investigator. He was the world authority on the mechanics of orbits, and as such was a consultant to NASA as the agency prepared to send a man to the moon in the 1960’s. He had an asteroid, 5806 Archieroy, named after him. In 1987 he founded the Scottish Society for Psychical Research.

Public observatories

There are four public observatories in the UK. All are located in Scotland.

Regius Professor of Astronomy, Thomas James Henderson, (1798-1844)

Born in Dundee, Scotland. First Astronomer Royal for Scotland, appointed in 1822. The first person using parallax to determine the distance to a star.

SOMERVILLE, Mary Fairfax (1780-1872) Scottish Science Writer & Polymath

Born at Jedburgh in the Scottish borders. She was famous for her studies into mathematics and astronomy and was nominated, along with Caroline Herschel, to be the first women members of the Royal Astronomical Society. Somerville College, Oxford, is named in her honour, along with an Arctic island, an asteroid and a lunar crater.

UK Astronomy Technology Centre (UK ATC)

Based at the Royal Observatory Edinburgh, it is a world leading deliverer of optical and infrared instrument and sensor systems for observational astronomy.

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress