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602 City of Glasgow Squadron

Formed in 1925, it became the longest serving squadron in the front line in the Battle of Britain.

ADAM, Sir Charles KCB (1780-1853) Admiral RN

A distinguished Royal Navy officer b. in Scotland. He held the post of First Naval Lord in 1834, was re-appointed in 1835 and again in 1846.

BROWN, Eric Melrose “Winkle”. CBE, DSC, AFC, Hon FRAeS

Born in Leith, Scotland 1919. Former Royal Navy officer and test pilot. He holds the world records for number of aircraft types flown (487), and number of aircraft carrier landings and takeoffs. He was also the first pilot to fly a jet aircraft on and off an aircraft carrier.

BRUCE, Jacob Daniel (1669-1735)

Born in Moscow but claiming Scottish descent, his Scottish family having lived in Russia since 1649. his brother was Robert Bruce. He was a statesman, military leader, scientist and close associate of  Peter the Great. He was considered to be one of the most learned people in Russia, being also a naturalist and astronomer. He founded Russia’s first observatory in Moscow in 1702.

BRUCE, Robert, (1668-1720) Russian General

He was the brother of Jacob Bruce, and was the first military governor of Saint Petersburg. As such he repulsed an attack on it by a Swedish army. He was also closely involved in the 1810 Siege of Vyborg.

COCHRANE, Alexander Inglis GCB (1758-1832) Admiral RN

COCHRANE, Archibald (1783-1829) Captain RN

Brother of Thomas Cochrane. Their father was  Archibald Cochrane, 9th Earl of Dundonald.

COCHRANE, Nathaniel Day (Died 1844) Admiral RN

Son of John Cochrane, third son of Thomas Cochrane, 8th Earl of Dundonald.

COCHRANE, Sir Ralph Alexander (1895 – 1977)

Air Chief Marshall of the Royal Air Force. Born in Springfield, Fife. He was responsible for planning bombing raids against German industry during World War II, including the ‘Dambusters Raid’ in 1943.

 

COCHRANE,Thomas (1775-1860) Admiral RN

10th Earl of Dundonald, 1st Marquess of Maranhao. He was a dauntless officer with many successful naval actions to his name. During the Napoleonic Wars the French called him The Sea Wolf (Le Loup des Mers). He led the Chilean, Brazilian and Greek navies during their battles for independence from colonising powers. Considered by many to be the finest fighting Royal Navy officer of all time, he became the model for the dashing Jack Aubrey in Patrick O’Brien’s naval adventures.

COCKBURN, George Bertram (1872-1931) Fleet Air Arm

Diaspora. Several previous generations of the Cockburn family had lived at Inveresk near Edinburgh, including his father George Cockburn. Young George was born in Birkinhead and sent to be educated at Loretto school in Edinburgh, followed by New College, Oxford. During a distinguished flying career he trained the first four British naval pilots.

COCKBURN, Sir George GCB (1772-1853) Admiral of the Fleet RN

Diaspora: Born in London. His father was Sir James Cockburn, 8th Baronet of that important Scottish family. George had a long and distinguished naval carer, but is probably best known for his capture and burning of Washington in August 1814.

CRUIKSHANK, John Alexander VC (1920-Extant 2013)

Born Aberdeen, Scotland. Awarded the VC for conspicuous bravery while piloting his Catalina flying boat on 17th July 1944 in the North Atlantic on anti-submarine patrol.

DICKSON, Bertram FRGS (1873-1913)

Born Edinburgh, Scotland. In September 2010 a fly-past of historic aircraft took place on Salisbury Plain to mark the centenary of the day he persuaded key political and army figures of the importance of air power. Aviation historian Michael Hickey said ” His (Dickson’s) personal belief in the urgent need for air-power in 1910 and his fight to achieve his goals, have established him in history as the founder of British military aviation.” He is widely considered to be the father of the Royal Flying Core, precursor of the RAF. He also holds two records. The first British serviceman to qualify as a pilot, and along with Rene Thomas of France, the first aviators to have had a mid-air collision. Both survived the experience.

DOWDING, Hugh, GCB, GCVO, CMG (1882-1970)

Air Chief Marshall Hugh Caswall Trmenheere Dowding was born at Moffat in the Scottish borders. He was commander of RAF Fighter Command throughout the Battle of  Britain.

DUNCAN, Adam (1731-1804) Admiral RN

A Scottish naval officer born in Dundee, is best known for his defeat of the Dutch navy at the crucial battle of Camperdown in 1797.

ELPHINSTONE, George Keith,1st Viscount Keith. (1746-1823) Admiral RN

Born at Elphinstone Tower near Stirling in Scotland. Distinguished Royal Navy officer.

FARKHVARSON (FARQUHARSON), Andrei Danilovich (1675-1739)

Henry (Harry) Farquharson was a Scottish mathematician and astronomer at the University of Aberdeen. At the start of the 18th century, he was employed by Peter the Great to establish and administer a mathematics and navigation school, principally for the Russian Navy. Under his guidance, and with his assistance, Tsar Peter wrote the curriculum for the school.

Gordon Highlanders Museum

Located in the city of Aberdeen. The Gordons amalgamated with the Seaforths and Camerons in 1994 to form The Highlanders Regiment.

GORDON, Patrick (1635-1699) Imperial Russian Admiral and General-in-Chief Russian Army

Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he rose to become general-in-chief of the Russian army under Peter the Great. Peter has been credited with dragging his country from medieval mediocrity to become a major European power. Few are aware however that Gordon was the driving force behind him.

GORDON,Thomas (c.1658-1741) Commodore Royal Scots Navy. Admiral and Commander-in-Chief Imperial Russian Navy

He was a commodore of the Royal Scots Navy when it merged with the Royal Navy. In 1714 he refused to swear an oath of allegiance to King George I on his succession to the throne, and resigned his commission. In 1717 he joined the Imperial Russian Navy and was promoted to admiral early in May 1727. Later that year he became Commander-in-Chief and remained in that position until his death in 1741.

GREIG, Aleksy Samuilovich (1775-1845) Admiral Imperial Russian Navy

He was the son of Admiral Samuel Greig and part of his education took place at the High School of Edinburgh. His naval career commenced with the Royal Navy 1785 to 1796. He then returned to Russia and joined the Imperial Russian Navy. In 1816 he was appointed Commander of the Black Sea Fleet, and by 1828 was in full command of the Russian Navy. In 1833 the Tsar asked him to superintend construction of the Pulkovo Observatory.

GREIG, Samuel FRS (1735-1788) Admiral of the Russian Empire.Imperial RN.

He was born in Inverkeithing, Fife, and spent some time the the Royal Navy, before transferring to its Russian counterpart. He spent much energy in transforming that navy into a disciplined and effective fighting force, and is sometimes referred to as Father of the modern Russian Navy.

JONES, John Paul (1747-1792) Captain US Continental Navy

Born in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, Scotland, he was a Scottish sailor who settled in the United States and joined the Continental Navy, precursor to the US Navy, as it was being formed circa 1775. In 1776 he had the honour of hoisting the first US ensign over a naval vessel. He was a captain who relished a fight and did much to frustrate the British during the Revolutionary War. When peace ensued he joined the Imperial Russian Navy. He died in Paris in 1792, having been honoured by the French government, and was buried there in a small cemetery which gradually c hanged in use to become a garden, and his grave was lost. In 1905 the US Ambassador to France, found the grave after a five year search, and his coffin returned to America aboard the USS Brooklyn escorted by other USS vessels. His remains are now contained within a magnificent bronze and marble sarcophagus at the Naval Academy Chapel in Annapolis. He has been described as Father of the United States Navy.

KEITH, James Francis Edward (1696-1758) Prussian Field Marshall

Born at Inverugie Castle, near Peterhead, Scotland. Was made Field Marshall and Governor of Berlin by Frederick II of Prussia.

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress