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CULLEN, William FRS, FRSE, FRCPE, FPSG (1710-1790)

Cullen was a physician, chemist and agriculturalist. He was one of the foremost professors of medicine at Edinburgh University, and gave the first known public demonstration of artificial refrigeration there in, according to source, either in 1748 or 1756.

HARRISON, James (1816-1893) Refrigeration Pioneer

Born in Dumbartonshire, Scotland. He emigrated to Australia in 1837 where in 1851 he invented the first ice making machine. His first commercial machine followed in 1854. His plan was to ship Frozen Australian mutton to Britain, but his venture failed, he returned to his profession as a journalist, and the initiative passed to others. In 1880 the first successful trip was made by the Clyde-built Strathleven, equipped with plant designed and manufactured in Glasgow following the principles established by Harrison. New Zealand followed suit and huge markets quickly opened for their mutton and fruit. In the 21st century Harrison is still considered a national hero in Australia.

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