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Adam Smith (1723-1790)

Born Kirkcaldy, Scotland. A moral philosopher and a pioneer of political economy. One of the outstanding figures of the Scottish Enlightenment.

CROCKETT, Sir Andrew. (1943 – 2012)

Born in Glasgow, he was an economist with a flair for policy analysis who helped to transform the IMF (International Monetary Fund) and the BIS (Bank for International Settlements). He has been the only Briton to have held the prestigious post of general manager of the BIS, previously dominated by Europeans.

John Kenneth Galbraith (1908-2006)

Diaspora. Born in Canada to parents of Scottish decent, Archibald “Archie” Galbraith and Sarah Catherine Kendall.

LAW, John (1671-1729) Economist and Father of Paper Money

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland

MILL, James (1773-1836) Historian, Economist, Political Theorist and Philospher

Born in the parish of Logie Pert, Angus, Scotland. Father and tutor of John Stuart Mill, philosopher and political economist

MILL, John Stuart (1806-1873) Philosopher & Political Economist


Born London, England. He was educated by his father James Mill, Scottish philosopher, historian, political theorist and economist. Mill the younger has been called “the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century”.

MIRRLEES, James Alexander FRSE, FBA

Born Minnigaff, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. Economist and 1996 Nobel Prize winner in Economic Sciences.

RICE, Gerry. International Monetary Fund (IMF) Director of Communications

Glasgow born with a doctorate in modern history from University of Glasgow and a Kennedy Scholarship at Harvard where he graduated in their Management Development Programme. He is a specialist in global economic development and has been Director of Communication at the IMF since 2011. Prior to that he had an illustrious 25 year career at the World Bank where, among other positions, he served as external and internal Director of Communications.

SINCLAIR, Sir John of Ulbster (1754-1835)

Born Thurso, Scotland. He was responsible for creation of the Board of Agriculture, of which he was the first president. It was the precursor of what is known today as the Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food. His Statistical Account of Scotland was compiled during the years 1791 to 1799 in 21 volumes. It was based on returns of formulated questionaires from the ministers of every parish in Scotland, and was the beginning of today’s census. During that mammoth task he was the first to use the words statistics and statistical in the English language. In 1793 the UK government adopted his plan for the issue of Exchequer Bills, saving the possibility of financial ruin. He was also one of the first to record details of certain Scottish archaeological sites.

STEUART, James (1713-1780) Economist

In 1767 he published An Inquiry into the Principles of Political Economy, probably the first systematic treatise on economics in the English language. It was also the first use of the term political economy.

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress