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COOK, James FRS RN (1728-1779)

Diaspora. James was named after his father, James Cook, from Ednam near Kelso in the Scottish Borders, who settled in the north of England and married Grace Pace of Thornaby-on-Tees. He went on to become one of the most famous explorers of the 18th century. Among many achievements he was the first European to discover and name the Sandwich Islands (Now Hawaii), and to navigate the eastern coastline of Australia. He named the New Hebrides and New Caledonia and was the first to circumnavigate New Zealand.

John McDouall Stuart (1815-1866)

Born is Dysart, Scotland. He became one of Australia’s most accomplished explorers, being the first to traverse the country’s centre from Adelaide in the south, to what is now known as Darwin in the north. It allowed construction of the Australian Overland Telegraph Line and the Stuart Highway which was named in his honour.

PATERSON, William FRS (1755-1810)

Born Montrose, Scotland. He was a soldier, explorer, administrator and botanist who collected plants in South Africa and Australia. He was appointed Lieutenant Governor General of Tasmania, and later appointed Governor of New South Wales.

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress