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Locomotive Builders

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A and W Smith and Company

Eglinton Engine Works. Listed as locomotive builders. Further information required.

A F Craig Ltd, Paisley

In the 1870’s the Caledonia Engineering works produced the unusual 3ft 1.5″ gauge locomotive.

Airdrie Iron Company

Established 1890 as a general engineering company. Closed having built approximately 30 locomotives.

Alex Anderson and Son Ltd

Built locomotive boilers and effected heavy locomotive repairs at Carfin Boiler Works, Motherwell.

Alexander Chaplin and Company, Glasgow

Between 1860 and the early 1900’s the Cranstonhill Engine Works produced patent vertical boiler locomotives for home and export markets. Evidently the boiler was a very good steam raiser.

Alexander Shanks and Company, Arbroath

The Dens Iron Works was established in 1840 and a number of portable locomotives built for British dockyards. They also exported locomotives for use in New Zealand.

Allan Andrews and Company, Kilmarnock

Commenced locomotive building in the 1870s at the Britannia Engineering Works, Kilmarnock.  More information required.

Andrew Barclay Sons and Company, Kilmarnock

Had a rather chequered history, passing through several takeovers before eventually closing. They were the largest builder of fireless locomotives in Britain, and also built small robust locomotives for industrial purposes. They exported over 80 locomotives to Australia, New Zealand and Fiji.

Archibald Baird and Company

Built locomotives at Hamilton. Further information required.

Barr and McNab, Paisley

Two Bury type 0-4-0s were built for the Ardrossan Railway in 1840. More information required.

Blackie and Company, Aberdeen

Two locomotives were built in 1848 for the Aberdeen Railway.

Caird and Company, Greenock

Constructed four locomotives for Scottish railways.

D Drummond and Sons, Glasgow

The Helen St, Govan plant was established by Dugald Drummond in 189, and later became known as the Glasgow Railway Engineering Company.

DAVIDSON, Robert (1804-1894) Invented and Built World’s First Electric Locomotive.

Born and educated in Aberdeen, Scotland. He is also credited with building the world’s first electric car.

FAIRBAIRN, Sir William, FRS (Inventor of the Box or Tube girder)

Born in Kelso, Scotland (1789-1874). Shipbuilder, locomotive-builder and structural engineer. Inventor of the box or tube girder and the Lancashire boiler. He was one of the first engineers to conduct investigations into stress related failures.

Forrest and Barr, Glasgow

Further information required

George Inglis and Company, Airdrie

At the Albert Works, built locomotives. More information required.

Gibb and Hogg, Airdrie

Their Victoria Engine Works was established in 1866. Twenty Kilmarnock type locomotives are known to have been built.

Glasgow Corporation Gas Works, Provan

Built tramcars and are known to have constructed one locomotive.

Glengarnock Iron and Steel Company

!n 1913 constructed a Grant Ritchie type locomotive.

Grant Ritchie and Company, Kilmarnock

At the Townholme Engine Works, are known to have built at least forty-five locomotives between 1879 and 1930.

HASWELL, John (1812-1897) Engineer and Locomotive Designer

Born Lancefield, Glasgow, and educated at Anderson’s College (now Strathclyde University). Worked with William Fairbairn for many years before being requested to go to Austria where he designed and built the repair shop for the Wien-Raaber railway. He then took over its management and began designing and building locomotives, including the first eight-coupled steam engine which became the standard heavy freight locomotive throughout Europe and Russia. He invented the steam brake (1861), the first four cylinder locomotive, and the hydraulic forging press.

Hawthorn’s and Company, Leith

At the Leith Engine Works, known to have built at least 475 locomotives between 1846 and 1872.

Hurst Nelson, Motherwell

Major manufacturer of railway rolling stock. Not known if locomotives were built, but they may have traded in second-hand engines.

J and A Taylor, Ayr

The Smith Street Works produces one locomotive between 1869 and 1871.

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