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FERGUSON, Adam FRSE (1723-1816) Philospher & Historian

A Scottish Enlightenment figure who has been called “the father of modern sociology”

HUME, David (1711-1776) Philosopher

Born Edinburgh, Scotland. One of the leading figures of the Scottish Enlightenment.


MILL, James (1773-1836) Historian, Economist, Political Theorist and Philospher

Born in the parish of Logie Pert, Angus, Scotland. Father and tutor of John Stuart Mill, philosopher and political economist

MILL, John Stuart (1806-1873) Philosopher & Political Economist


Born London, England. He was educated by his father James Mill, Scottish philosopher, historian, political theorist and economist. Mill the younger has been called “the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century”.

REID, Thomas FRSE (1710-1796) Philosopher

The immediate successor to Adam Smith in the chair of Moral Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, and the “Father of Common Sense Philosophy”. In 1764 he wrote his “An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense”.


Scottish Philosophers

A comprehensive list of Scottish philosophers.

STEWART, Dugald (1753-1828) Philosopher & Mathematician.

Born Edinburgh, Scotland. Principally known for making the “Scottish Philosophy” predominant in early 19th century Europe.

Scottish Achievement, Influence & Heritage is a work in progress