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BARCLAY de TOLLY, Michael Andreas (1761-1818) Russian Field Marshall & Minister of War.


A member of the Scottish Clan Barclay from Towie, Aberdeenshire. He was born in Lithuania  and raised in what is now Estonia. His grandfather became Mayor of Riga and his father was admitted into the ranks of the Russian nobility. A hugely successful military leader over many campaigns, his scorched-earth policy led to the eventual defeat of Napoleon in Russia. During the invasion of France in 1814 he took Paris and was made up to Field Marshall. At the end of that campaign was made a Russian prince.

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